Jeane Duane Kirkpatrick was an American ambassador and an ardent anti-communist. After serving as Ronald Reagan’s foreign policy adviser in his 1980 campaign and later in his Cabinet, the former Democrat-turned-Republican became the first woman to serve as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations.
She was known for the “Kirkpatrick Doctrine”, which advocated U.S. support of anti-communist governments around the world. Kirkpatrick served on Reagan’s Cabinet on the National Security Council, Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, Defense Policy Review Board, and chaired the Secretary of Defense Commission on Fail Safe and Risk reduction of the Nuclear Command and Control System.
A native of Duncan, Oklahoma, Kirkpatrick graduated from Barnard College in 1948 after receiving her Associate degree from Stephens College in Columbia, Missouri. In 1968, Kirkpatrick earned a Ph.D. in political science from Columbia University.
She was married to Evron Kirkpatrick, a scholar and former member of the O.S.S., until his death in 1995. The couple had three sons.
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